N49° Mount Royal - Mount Royal is the deep extension of a vastly eroded ancient volcanic complex, which was probably active about 125 million years ago. The tourist Guide to Montreal states that it is an extinct volcano. The first European to scale the mountain was Jacques Cartier, guided there in 1535 by the people of the village of Hochelaga. He named it in honour of his patron, Francis I of France. He wrote in his journal: "And among these fields is situated and seated the said town of Hochelaga, near to and adjoining a mountain… We named this mountain Mount Royal." Today Mount Royal is our backyard, an urban mountain and sprawling park that's our solace and our inspiration. This gentle giant in the city offers a relaxing escape for nature lovers, sports enthusiasts, families and anyone who just wants to take a breather. Go all the way to the top for stunning views of the city and countryside beyond from the belvedere viewpoint.